Dakar, Senegal – Yearly, European firms contribute to a tragic diversion of recent fish important in sustaining meals safety for over 33 million individuals within the West African area. That is the conclusion of a brand new report by Greenpeace Africa and Altering Markets, Feeding a Monster: How European aquaculture and animal feed industries are stealing meals from West African communities

The report reveals how greater than half one million tonnes of small pelagic fish are extracted yearly alongside the coast of West Africa and transformed into feed for aqua- and agriculture farming, dietary dietary supplements, cosmetics and pet meals merchandise outdoors the African continent.[1]

“The fishmeal and fish oil trade, and all governments and firms supporting them, are mainly robbing native populations of livelihoods and meals. This goes towards worldwide commitments on sustainable improvement, poverty alleviation, meals safety, and gender equality,” mentioned Dr Ibrahimé Cissé, Senior Campaigner at Greenpeace Africa.

The report relies on analysis of the fishmeal and fish oil (FMFO) commerce hyperlinks between the FMFO trade in West Africa and the European market. It consists of merchants, aqua- and agrofeed firms in France, Norway, Denmark, Germany, Spain, and Greece.[2] It additionally appears to be like at provide chain relationships between seafood processors/distributors and farmed fish producers which have been sourcing aquafeed from firms concerned in West African FMFO commerce lately, and well-known retailers from France (Carrefour, Auchan, E.Leclerc, Système U, Monoprix, Groupe On line casino), Germany (Aldi Süd, Lidl, Kaufland, Rewe, Metro AG, Edeka.), Spain (Lidl Espana), and the UK (Tesco, Lidl, Aldi).[3] 

“Exports of fishmeal and fish oil to Europe are stealing the livelihoods of coastal communities, by depriving populations of an necessary meals supply and technique of earnings. European aquafeed firms and retailers can now not ignore this main human rights and environmental concern. Now could be the time to rethink provide chains and quickly part out using wild-caught fish in farmed fish and different animals, to protect these fish populations for future generations,” mentioned Alice Delemare Tangpuori, Campaigns Supervisor, Altering Markets.

Greenpeace and Altering Markets’ analysis confirms a speedy growth of FMFO previously few years, significantly in Mauritania, the place 70% of the fish oil exports went to the EU in 2019. The governments of Mauritania, Senegal and The Gambia have up to now did not correctly handle their frequent small pelagic fish useful resource, in addition to to take the suitable measures to make sure the fitting to meals and livelihood for his or her impacted communities, together with the artisanal fishing sector, who proceed to protest towards the FMFO factories. 

“Within the chilly season presently in Senegal, it is rather tough, if not unattainable, to search out sardinella on the traditional touchdown factors. The implications on the meals and dietary safety of native persons are catastrophic in addition to on the steadiness of the meals chain at sea,” mentioned Dr. Alassane Samba, Former Director of Analysis and Director of the Dakar-Thiaroye Oceanographic Analysis Middle in Senegal.[4]

Harouna Ismail Lebaye, President of FLPA (Artisanal Fishing Free Federation), Nouadhibou part, in Mauritania, has a powerful message for firms and governments concerned in FMFO sourcing: “Your investments rob us of our fisheries assets, your investments starve us, your investments threaten our stability, your factories make us sick… It’s time to cease now.” 

Greenpeace Africa and Altering Markets are calling on firms, coverage makers and governments to cease taking fish suitable for eating from West Africa to feed fishmeal and fish oil demand within the European Union and Norway. 


Photograph and video accessible from the Greenpeace Media Library: 

Photographs: https://media.greenpeace.org/Share/1wns56x0dcto237omqm5545fuonrvp3l
Movies: https://media.greenpeace.org/Share/74v2osj4fwon236v732te462776h71bv


Greenpeace Africa press desk: [email protected]npeace.org

Mikaïla Issa, Guide Communications and Media for Greenpeace Africa: +221782199410, [email protected] 

Christina Koll, Senior Communications Coordinator, Greenpeace Africa (for worldwide media requests): +4528109021, [email protected]  


[1] Feeding a Monster: How European aquaculture and animal feed industries are stealing meals from West African communities, Report from Greenpeace Africa and Altering Markets, June 2021, https://www.greenpeace.org/static/planet4-africa-stateless/2021/05/47227297-feeding-a-monster-en-final-small.pdf 

[2] The FMFO merchants, aqua and agrofeed firms by nation are: France (Olvea), Norway (GC Rieber, EWOS/Cargill, Skretting, Mowi), Denmark (ED&F Man Terminals, TripleNine, FF Skagen, Pelagia and BioMar), Germany (Köster Marine Proteins), Spain (Inproquisa, Industrias Arpo, Skretting Espana), and Greece (Norsildmel Innovation AS).

[3] Based on the report, “Though we can not set up a direct chain of custody between the retailers and West African FMFO, Altering Markets has reported – by publicly accessible sources, in-store visits, interviews and investigations – provide chain relationships between the retailers talked about within the report Feeding a Monster: How European aquaculture and animal feed industries are stealing meals from West African communities, seafood processors/ distributors, and farmed fish producers which have been sourcing aquafeed from firms concerned within the commerce of West African FMFO lately. The upkeep of those relationships is problematic, and no matter whether or not there’s a direct chain of custody, they need to not supply from those that supply from West Africa.”

[4] The principle species at stake within the FMFO manufacturing, flat and spherical sardinella and bonga, are important to the meals safety of tens of millions of individuals within the area. Based on the Meals and Agriculture Group (FAO) these fish assets are overexploited and a 50% discount in fishing effort is required — FAO Working Group on the Evaluation of Small Pelagic Fish off Northwest Africa 2019. Abstract report accessible at: http://www.fao.org/3/cb0490en/CB0490EN.pdf    


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